The parathyroid hormone receptor (PTH1R) mediates the biologic actions of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and parathyroid hormone related protein (PTHrP). Here, we showed that salt inducible kinases (SIKs) are key kinases that control the skeletal actions downstream of PTH1R and that this GPCR, when activated, inhibited cellular SIK activity. Sik gene deletion led to phenotypic changes that were remarkably similar to models of increased PTH1R signaling. In growth plate chondrocytes, PTHrP inhibited SIK3 and ablation of this kinase in proliferating chondrocytes rescued perinatal lethality of PTHrP-null mice. Combined deletion of Sik2/Sik3 in osteoblasts and osteocytes led to a dramatic increase in bone mass that closely resembled the skeletal and molecular phenotypes observed when these bone cells express a constitutively active PTH1R that causes Jansen’s metaphyseal chondrodysplasia. Finally, genetic evidence demonstrated that class IIa HDACs were key PTH1R-regulated SIK substrates in both chondrocytes and osteocytes. Taken together, our findings established that SIK inhibition is central to PTH1R action in bone development and remodeling. Furthermore, this work highlighted the key role of cAMP-regulated salt inducible kinases downstream of GPCR action.
Shigeki Nishimori, Maureen J. O'Meara, Christian Castro, Hiroshi Noda, Murat Cetinbas, Janaina da Silva Martins, Ugur Ayturk, Daniel J. Brooks, Michael Bruce, Mizuki Nagata, Wanida Ono, Christopher J. Janton, Mary L. Bouxsein, Marc Foretz, Rebecca Berdeaux, Ruslan I. Sadreyev, Thomas J. Gardella, Harald Jüppner, Henry M. Kronenberg, Marc N. Wein